Consent in current psychiatric practice and research: An Indian perspective

Consent in current psychiatric practice and research: An Indian perspective
Furkhan Ali, Gopi Gajera, Guru S Gowda, Preeti Srinivasa, Mahesh Gowda
Indian Journal of Psychiatry, 8 April 2019; 61(10) pp 667-675
Abstract
Consent is a process that allows for free expression of an informed choice, by a competent individual. The consent is considered as one of the important components of health-care delivery and biomedical research today. Informed consent involves clinical, ethical, and legal dimensions and is believed to uphold an individual’s autonomy and the right to choose. It is very important in Indian mental health care as the Mental Healthcare Act (MHCA) 2017 mandates informed consent in admission, treatment, discharge planning, and research intervention/procedures. In 2017, the Indian Council of Medical Research laid down the National Ethical Guidelines for BioMedical and Health Research involving Human Participants for research protocols, which the MHCA advocates. This article gives an overview on the evaluation of consent in clinical practice and also highlights the approach and challenge in psychiatric practice in India.

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