Consent in paediatric neurosurgery: adequacy of documentation and parental perspectives

Consent in paediatric neurosurgery: adequacy of documentation and parental perspectives
Adikarige H. D. Silva, Haren Wijesinghe, Nilesh Mundil, William Lo, A. Richard Walsh, Guirish A. Solanki, Desiderio Rodrigues
Child’s Nervous System, 9 July 2019; pp 1–7
Original Article
Abstract
Introduction
Consenting paediatric patients for surgical procedures remains inherently unique in that it is underpinned by principles such as parental responsibility, assessment of the child’s capacity to consent, and adherence to national/legal guidelines. Quality record keeping is an important objective evidence to demonstrate the highest standards of medical care provided to our patients. The consent form is a crucial medical record encapsulating the attainment of informed consent from a parent/guardian for performing a procedure on their child. We aimed to prospectively evaluate the consenting process in our department to assess adequacy of documentation and parental perspectives.
Methods
A prospective study using qualitative descriptive design was conducted with parents of 50 children requiring neurosurgical procedures over a 3-month period.
Results
All patients understood the primary diagnosis and type of surgery. Procedure-specific risks were understood by 98% and 84% could remember the mentioning of general risks of surgery. Only a minority of parents (24%) could recollect that alternative options of management including no treatment were discussed. In cases where relevant, laterality was only documented in 56% of consent forms. All patients felt that an informed decision regarding consent to surgery was made. However, 12% suggested areas where further improvement could be made in the timing of consent and the way information could be better provided.
Discussion
Consent is more than a signature on a form. It provides objective evidence of a shared decision-making process between the surgeon, patient, and their parent/guardian. Our initial study highlights multiple areas for improvement.

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