Philosophical and Cognitive Elements of Risk Communication in Informed Consent [BOOK CHAPTER]

Philosophical and Cognitive Elements of Risk Communication in Informed Consent [BOOK CHAPTER]
Daniele Chiffi
Clinical Reasoning: Knowledge, Uncertainty, and Values in Health Care, 2 October 2020; pp 145-157
Abstract
There is growing scientific interest in studying the multidisciplinary aspects of risk. Still, no universally accepted definition of risk has been agreed upon. When dealing with the sector of health-related risk, there should be an essential interplay between risk perception and risk communication. The present chapter argues that the effectiveness of risk communication in the health domain can be considerably improved by taking into consideration the cognitive and emotional biases along with all the factors affecting risk perception. I contend that risk communication is effective when based on the negotiation of meanings and therapeutic options in the clinical encounter, which is essential in the context of informed consent and in a person-centred and humanistic perspective in health care.

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