Educational Informed Consent Video Equivalent to Standard Verbal Consent for Rhinologic Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Educational Informed Consent Video Equivalent to Standard Verbal Consent for Rhinologic Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Article
Joseph P. Penn, Rohit Nallani, Erin L. Dimon, Taylor C. Daniels, Kevin J. Sykes, Alexander G. Chiu, Mark R. Villwock, Jennifer A. Villwock
American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy, 2 February 2021
Abstract
Background
Informed consent is an integral part of pre-operative counseling. However, information discussed can be variable. Recent studies have explored the use of multimedia in providing informed consent for rhinologic surgery.
Objective
To measure impact of an educational video (Video) compared to verbal informed consent (Verbal) on knowledge gained, alleviation of concerns, and efficiency.
Methods
Patients undergoing endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS), septoplasty, or ESS+septoplasty were prospectively enrolled and randomized to receive Video or Verbal consent. The Video group watched an educational video; the Verbal group received standard verbal consent from an Otolaryngology resident per institutional protocol. Both groups had the opportunity to discuss questions or concerns with their attending surgeon. Prior to, and after, consent was signed, both groups completed surveys regarding knowledge of purpose, risks, and benefits of surgery as well as surgical concerns. Decision regret and patient satisfaction were also assessed post-operatively.
Results
77 patients were enrolled (39 Video, 38 Verbal). Demographics were not significantly different between groups. Overall knowledge significantly improved (p < 0.005) and concerns significantly decreased (p < 0.001) following consent in both groups. Improvements in these metrics were equivalent between groups (p < 0.02). Furthermore, resident time to complete consent, patient satisfaction, and decision regret were not significantly different between groups.
Conclusion
Use of an educational video was equivalent to standard verbal informed consent for patients undergoing rhinologic surgery. Otolaryngologists can consider developing procedure-specific videos to allow allocation of time to other tasks, standardized education of patients, and streamlining of the informed consent process.

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