Understanding Exception from Informed Consent in Planned Emergency Research

Understanding Exception from Informed Consent in Planned Emergency Research
Understanding Research
CourtneyEdwards, Kimberly D. Johnson
Journal of Emergency Nursing, 11 March 2021
Abstract
Many of the current accepted treatment practices provided to patients in the first critical hour after a traumatic injury, stroke, or cardiac arrest have not been rigorously tested in clinical research trials. The inability to obtain informed consent is often a barrier to research in emergency, time-sensitive situations in which the patient is not able to provide informed consent nor is their family member immediately available to provide consent on behalf of the patient. Planned emergency research, often with exception from informed consent, is a type of research study that involves a patient with a life-threatening medical condition that requires urgent interventions, wherein the current treatments may be unproven or suboptimal, and who, because of their current condition, is unable to provide informed consent. This article summarizes the necessary components for using exception from informed consent in planned emergency research. Understanding the research design, particularly research processes specific to time-critical emergency situations, will ensure that the care provided by stretcher-side emergency nurses will result in optimal patient outcomes and is an integral aspect of emergency nursing practice.

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