Obstacles to Obtaining Informed Consent from the Perspective of Transplant Coordinators: A Qualitative Study

Obstacles to Obtaining Informed Consent from the Perspective of Transplant Coordinators: A Qualitative Study
Research Article
Alireza Shamsaeefar, Nasrin Motazedian, Fatemeh Rahmanian, Saman Nikeghbalian, Seyed Ali Malek-Hosseini
Hepatitis Monthly, 5 April 2021; 21(2)
Abstract
Background
The lack of consent to donate body organs leads to an increase in the death rate of patients on the waiting list for transplantation. Unwillingness of families is known as the main obstacle to organ donation, and the media has an essential role in motivating organ donation.
Objectives
This study aimed to explore obstacles to obtaining consent for organ donation from transplant coordinators’ perspective throughout Iran.
Methods
In this qualitative study, 13 in-depth semi-structured face-to-face interviews were conducted with transplant coordinators from November 2018 to March 2019. The participants were investigated using a purposive sampling method. The participants’ age and work experience ranged between 32 – 49 years and 6 – 25 years, respectively. Open-ended questions were asked from the participants in a private room. An experienced interviewer explained the study’s objectives to the coordinators, and each interview lasted on average 50 minutes. The interview scripts were analyzed using a content analysis method.
Results
The findings highlighted the difficulty of obtaining consent from brain-dead patients’ families. The obstacles could be internal or external. External determinants were healthcare providers’ lack of empathy, inadequate consultation from doctors outside the hospital, media content, and uninformed comments from relatives. Internal determinants were hoping for recovery, denial, and disagreement among family members.
Conclusions
The healthcare team should have a better connection with families to obtain organ donation consent from them. Therefore, a training program must be developed for the treatment team so that they show more supportive behavior and improve quality of care in hospitals before and after brain death.

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