Investigating Key Factors Related to the Decision of a Do-Not-Resuscitate Consent

Investigating Key Factors Related to the Decision of a Do-Not-Resuscitate Consent
Article
Hui-Mei Lin, Chih-Kuang Liu, Yen-Chun Huang, Chieh-Wen Ho, Mingchih Chen
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 31 December 2021; 19(428)
Open Access
Abstract
Background
The decision to sign a do-not-resuscitate (DNR) consent is critical for patients concerned about their end-of-life medical care. Taiwan’s National Health Insurance Administration (NHIA) introduced a family palliative care consultation fee to encourage family palliative care consultations; since its implementation, identifying which families require such consultations has become more important. In this study, the Taiwanese version of the Palliative Care Screening Tool (TW–PCST) was used to determine each patient’s degree of need for a family palliative care consultation.
Objective
This study analyzed factors associated with signing DNR consents. The results may inform family palliative care consultations for families in need, thereby achieving a higher DNR consent rate and promoting the effective use of medical resources, including time, labor, and funding.
Method
In this retrospective study, logistic regression analysis was conducted to determine which factors affected the DNR decisions of 2144 deceased patients (aged ≥ 20 years), whose records were collected from the Taipei City Hospital health information system from 1 January to 31 December 2018.
Results
Among the 1730 patients with a DNR consent, 1298 (75.03%) received family palliative care consultations. The correlation between DNR consent and family palliative care consultations was statistically significant (p < 0.001). Through logistic regression analysis, we determined that participation in family palliative care consultation, TW–PCST score, type of ward, and length of stay were significant variables associated with DNR consent.
Conclusions
This study determined that TW–PCST scores can be used as a measurement standard for the early identification of patients requiring family palliative care consultations. Family palliative care consultations provide opportunities for patients’ family members to participate in discussions about end-of-life care and DNR consent and provide patients and their families with accurate medical information regarding the end-of-life care decision-making process. The present results can serve as a reference to increase the proportion of patients willing to sign DNR consents and reduce the provision of ineffective life-prolonging medical treatment.

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