Procedural-based Specialties Benefit from a Formal Informed Consent and Disclosures Educational Program

Procedural-based Specialties Benefit from a Formal Informed Consent and Disclosures Educational Program
Original Reports
Valeda Yong, Huaqing Zhao, Kimberly Gilmore, Jane Cripe, Charles Conklin, Elizabeth Dauer
Journal of Surgical Education, 6 January 2022
Abstract
Objective
At our tertiary academic center, residents undergo formalized training in obtaining informed consent and disclosing a complication. The informed consent portion has previously been shown to benefit a group of surgical and emergency medicine residents. We aimed to determine if the benefits from training persist across a larger number of procedural-based specialties and to ascertain the benefit of training in disclosing complications.
Design
This retrospective cohort study examined first-year residents from seven procedural-based specialties who participated in a formal informed consent and disclosures training program, consisting of a didactic lecture and two-part simulation. Two years after the start of the program, the disclosure scenario was added. Participants were given pre- and post-surveys assessing comfort and confidence in the informed consent and disclosure scenarios. Survey results were compared using the signed-rank test and Kruskal-Wallis test as appropriate.
Setting
This study occurred at Temple University Hospital, a tertiary academic institution in Philadelphia, PA.
Participants
First-year residents from 2014 to 2020 in seven procedural-based specialties, including general surgery, orthopedic surgery, otolaryngology, obstetrics and gynecology, emergency medicine, radiology, and anesthesia, participated in this study. One hundred and ninety-three residents completed the program and surveys.
Results
Residents reported improved confidence in filling out an informed consent form (p = 0.036) and more comfortable in obtaining informed consent (p = 0.041), as well as more confidence (p = 0.018) and comfort (p = 0.001) in disclosing a complication. Surgical residents demonstrated greater confidence in obtaining informed consent (p = 0.009) and disclosing a complication (p = 0.0002) after training than non-surgical residents.
Conclusions
Across multiple procedural-based specialties, formal training in informed consent and disclosure of complications increases resident ability to perform these tasks. A formal training program is valuable for residents who are expected to perform these tasks across various specialties.

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