Symptomatic Features and Factors Associated With Do-Not-Resuscitate Consent in Advanced Cancer Patients Admitted to Palliative Care Ward

Symptomatic Features and Factors Associated With Do-Not-Resuscitate Consent in Advanced Cancer Patients Admitted to Palliative Care Ward
Research Article
Rongrong Fan, Siyu Yang, Xiaofan Bu, Yongyi Chen, Ying Wang, Boyong Shen, Cuiling Qiu, Xuying Li
American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine, 18 January 2022
Abstract
This study aimed to conduct a retrospective cross-sectional study to investigate the prevalence of symptoms and symptom clusters on sociodemographic and disease characteristics, as well as factors associated with Do-Not-Resuscitate (DNR) consent. Advanced cancer patients were enrolled between 2018 and 2020 with available data. Demographic and clinical data were obtained for analysis from Hospital Information System (HIS) in China. Symptom clusters were extracted by hierarchical cluster analysis. Chi-square test and multiple logistic regression were conducted to investigate the prevalence characteristics of symptoms and influencing factors of DNR consent, respectively. 798 advanced cancer patients were enrolled. The most prevalent symptoms were pain (93%), anorexia (36.5%), and sleep disorders (34.2%). High heart rate was associated with poor performance status and more symptoms. Three clusters were extracted: fatigue-related, respiratory-circulatory system, and digestive system symptom clusters. The incidence of symptoms was statistically significant in age, gender, education level, residence, BMI, performance status, distress score, ADL, and primary pain level. The DNR signature rate was 15.5%. Female, distant metastasis, in-ward rescue, and appearance of dyspnea were independent influencing factors of DNR signature…

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