Making Removals Part of Informed Choice: A Mixed-Method Study of Client Experiences With Removal of Long-Acting Reversible Contraceptives in Senegal

Making Removals Part of Informed Choice: A Mixed-Method Study of Client Experiences With Removal of Long-Acting Reversible Contraceptives in Senegal
Aurélie Brunie, Fatou Ndiaté Rachel Sarr Aw, Salif Ndiaye, Etienne Dioh, Elena Lebetkin, Megan M. Lydon, Elizabeth Knippler, Sarah Brittingham, Marème Dabo, Marème Mady Dia Ndiaye
Global Health: Science and Practice, October 2022; 10(5)
Open Access
Abstract
Background
Ensuring access to removal services for implants and intrauterine devices (IUDs) is essential to realize informed choice and voluntary family planning. We document removal desires and experiences among women who received an implant or IUD from the public sector in 3 districts of Senegal.
Methods
We conducted a phone survey of 1,868 implant and IUD users, 598 follow-up surveys with those who had ever asked a provider for a removal, and 24 in-depth interviews (IDIs) with women who had ever wanted an implant removal. We analyzed survey data descriptively and IDI data thematically.
Results
Fifty-eight percent of implant users and 54% of IUD users reported having wanted a removal. Desired pregnancy and contraceptive-induced menstrual changes (CIMCs) were the main reasons for removal desires. Fifty-four percent of implant users and 55% of IUD users who asked a provider for a removal reported challenges accessing services, with over two-thirds noting long lines or wait times. Sixty-three percent of implant users and 73% of IUD users who saw a provider were satisfied with the outcome of their first interaction. Over 90% of participants had not been told about the removal cost at insertion. Almost all participants who had their method removed obtained a complete removal during their first clinical procedure. Around two-thirds of participants who obtained a removal did not take up another method at that time. IDIs confirmed the influence of CIMCs on removal desires and show some partner influence is common in removal decision making. Barriers include lack of available qualified providers and supplies. Provider interactions play an important role in satisfaction with removal services.
Conclusion
Participants’ experiences accessing removal services were generally positive. Areas of potential improvement include client flow, counseling messages at insertion, and when advising clients to keep their method, pricing, and post-removal reinsertion or method switching.

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