Knowledge about and attitudes toward medical informed consent: a Lebanese population survey

Knowledge about and attitudes toward medical informed consent: a Lebanese population survey
Research Article
Mary Deeb, Dana Alameddine, Rasha Abi Radi Abou Jaoudeh, Widian Laoun, Julian Maamari, Rawan Honeini, Alain Khouri,F adi Abou-Mrad, Nassib Elia, Aniella Abi-Gerges
Ethics & Behaviour, 19 December 2022
Abstract
As Medicine shifts from a paternalistic practice to a patient-centered approach, the concept of medical informed consent (IC) has evolved to safeguard patient autonomy. However, its current implementation still presents many challenges in clinical practice. We assessed the knowledge and attitudes of the general Lebanese population regarding the IC process as well as their sociodemographic and medical correlates. An anonymous online survey was distributed to the Lebanese population using social media channels. A sample of 500 adults with an average age of 36.2 ± 13.5 years, including 319 females and 181 males, was recruited. Most of the respondents had a university degree (85.8%), reported previous hospital admissions (75.9%) and had signed an IC for surgical procedures (40.7%). Few participants were knowledgeable about IC Lebanese law. Variability in knowledge level was significantly related to gender and a previous hospitalization history. Positive attitudes toward patient autonomy (53.1%) and shared decision-making (57.5%) correlated with older age, female gender, graduate education, and a previous history of signing an IC document. Males were more likely to believe that IC has positive effects on health than females. This is the first study that provides novel findings regarding Lebanese peoples’ awareness of the ethico-legal components of medical IC.

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