[Prescribing Contraceptives to Minors Without Parental Consent]

[Prescribing Contraceptives to Minors Without Parental Consent]
Goldstick O, Peled-Raz M
Harefuah, 1 November 2022, 161(11) pp 709-713
The Israeli Legal Capacity and Guardianship Law, denies minors the right to decide upon medical treatment, and regards medical treatment of minors, including contraception, without parental consent as an infringement of parental autonomy. Yet, adolescent girls occasionally ask doctors to prescribe them contraceptives, while refusing parental involvement. This article reviews the relevant legal situation, examines some comparative legal stances and refers to the ethical aspects that should be considered during contraceptive advice to minors, in light of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. Seeking contraception is an example of mature behaviour, and when a minor asks for contraception, the physician has to act in her best interests. In the decision to prescribe contraceptives without parental consent or even knowledge, doctors should consider the girl’s ability to understand their advice, the risks associated with lack of parental involvement, the significance of parental autonomy infringement, the risks to the girl if the parents will be informed contrary to her request, and the girl’s risks of unintended pregnancy, associated with not using contraception. In this article we suggest means and modes of action in a situation when an adolescent needs contraception and denies any parental involvement.

Editor’s note: This a hebrew language publication

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