Promoting informed consent in a children’s hospital in Tabriz, Iran: a best practice implementation project

Promoting informed consent in a children’s hospital in Tabriz, Iran: a best practice implementation project
Neda Kabiri, Sakineh Hajebrahimi, Gisoo Alizadeh, Solmaz Azimzadeh, Nayyereh Farajzadeh, Amin Talebpour
JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports, December 2019; 17(12) pp 2570–2577
Abstract
Introduction 
Informed consent is a continuous and dynamic process. It is a crucial part of healthcare procedures that becomes more complex in a pediatric clinical practice, where parents must make decisions for their children.
Objectives
The aim of this implementation project was to evaluate the current practice and implement the best practice related to obtaining informed consent in a children’s hospital in Tabriz, Iran.
Methods
A clinical audit was undertaken using the JBI Practical Application of Clinical Evidence System (JBI PACES) tool. Five audit criteria representing the best-practice recommendations for informed consent were used. A baseline audit was conducted, followed by the implementation of multiple strategies. The project was finalized with a follow-up audit to determine change in practice.
Results
The compliance rate of all criteria improved from baseline to follow-up audit. Criteria 1 (obtaining informed consent prior to all nursing procedures) and 5 (provision of information related to the necessity of the treatment) reached 97% compliance in the follow-up cycle. Criterion 4 (provision of information related to the nature and effect of the treatment) achieved 74% compliance. Both criteria 2 and 3 (provision of information related to alternative treatments and consequences of refusing treatment) reached 57% in the follow-up cycle. To improve compliance, meetings were organized with the heads of departments, nurses and residents regarding informed consent. Also, staff were encouraged to report cases where informed consent was not obtained.
Conclusion
The audit results indicated an improvement in obtaining informed consent in the included departments. The interventions that were employed can facilitate the implementation of evidence into clinical practice.

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