The factors associated with maternal consent to human papillomavirus vaccination among adolescents in Israel

The factors associated with maternal consent to human papillomavirus vaccination among adolescents in Israel
Research Paper
Rana Shibli, Shmuel Rishpon
Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics, 24 Jul 2019
Abstract
Purpose
To evaluate the knowledge and attitudes toward the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine among mothers of 8th graders in Israel, and to determine the factors associated with maternal consent to the HPV vaccine.
Methods
We conducted a cross-sectional study among mothers of 8th grade students in 27 schools in Haifa and Northern districts of Israel during the 2016–17 school year. Data were collected using a structured telephone questionnaire.
Results
313 mothers answered the questionnaire (response rate = 91.8%). The mean knowledge level score was low (3.96 points [out of 10] ±2.68). Knowledge level was positively associated with Jewish nationality, being secular in religious practice and higher education. The attitude mean score was low-moderate (11.22 points [out of 18] ± 5.01). Attitude score was positively associated with Arab nationality. No significant association was found between knowledge level and attitudes. According to multivariate analysis, mothers’ consent to the HPV vaccine was associated with the knowledge level score (OR = 0.82; 95%CI 0.68–0.98), the attitude score (OR = 1.76; 95%CI 1.53–2.02) and nationality (OR = 27.86, 95%CI 3.41–227.56).
Conclusions
The knowledge level and attitudes toward the HPV vaccine were found to be unsatisfactory with racial disparities between Arabs and Jews. Jewish mothers compared with Arab mothers, mothers with a higher knowledge level or less positive attitudes were less likely to consent to the vaccine. These findings could contribute toward adapting programs to the different Israeli sectors in order to improve the rates of HPV vaccine receipt among adolescents.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s