Donor Factors Associated with Familial Consent for Organ Donation among Trauma Casualties: a 10-Year Retrospective Study

Donor Factors Associated with Familial Consent for Organ Donation among Trauma Casualties: a 10-Year Retrospective Study
Naama Bursztyn, Tomer Arad, Tamar Fink, Jonathan Cohen, Michael Stein
The Israel Medical Association Journal, 23 May 2021; 23(5) pp 286-290
Open Access
Abstract
Background
Consent rates for organ donation remain one of the most important factors determining the number of organs available for transplantation. Trauma casualties constitute a substantial part of the deceased organ donor pool and have unique characteristics that distinguish them from the general donor population. However, this group has not been extensively studied.
Objectives
To identify donor factors associated with positive familial consent for solid organ donation among trauma casualties.
Methods
This retrospective study included all trauma casualties who were admitted to the Rabin Medical Center, Beilinson hospital, during the period from January 2008 to December 2017, who were potential organ donors. Data collected included demographic features, the nature of the injury, surgical interventions, and which organs were donated. Data was collected from the Rabin Medical Center Trauma Registry.
Results
During the study period 24,504 trauma patients were admitted and 556 died over their hospital course. Of these 76 were potential donors, of whom 32 became actual donors and donated their organs. Two factors showed a statistically significant correlation to donation, namely female gender (P = 0.018) and Jewish religion of the deceased (P = 0.032).
Conclusions
Only a small group of in hospital trauma deaths were potential solid organ donors (13.7%) and less than half of these became actual donors. Consent rates were higher when the deceased was female or Jewish.

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